There is a certain amount of specific documentation required for shipping hazardous materials and dangerous goods. First of all, a detailed description of the goods must be provided on the freight quote, commercial invoice, bill of lading, shipment packing list, and all other relevant shipping documents.The Shipper’s Letter of Instruction needs to detail how to handle the goods, and should include emergency contact information.
In addition, the shipper needs to provide a special declaration called a Material Data Safety Sheet, which identifies and details the following:
- Product identification (name, use, etc.)
- Hazardous ingredients included in the goods
- Physical data about the goods
- Fire and explosion data
- Reactivity Data
IATA and IMO both provide standard formats of HAZMAT shipping papers for air freight and ocean freight, respectively.