Freight Dimensions: Pallets, Containers and Boxes 

Freight makes the world tick. In 2013, over $13.7 billion dollars of goods were exported globally, on boats, trains, trucks and airplanes. But nothing should be taken for granted; even the simple pallet at the heart of the shipping industry is slowly changing.

 

Here’s a handy list to understand the different types and dimensions of pallets, containers, boxes and drums that bring goods around the world:

Name Description
Box ”Container with a flat base and sides typically square or rectangular and having a lid.”
Envelope ”Flat paper container with a sealable flap used to enclose a letter or document.”
Pallet(s) ”Portable platform on which goods can be moved stacked and stored
EUR1/ISO1 pallet (80×120cm) Standard pallet with the dimensions 80 X 120 cm.
EUR2/ISO2 pallet (120×100cm) Standard pallet with the dimensions 100 X 120 cm.
“48””x40″” pallet” ”48″” Long x 40″” Wide wood pallet is the most common size stringer pallet.”
Full 20′ container (FCL) Standard twenty-foot container that is loaded and unloaded under the risk and account of the shipper or consignee.
Full 40′ container (FCL) Standard forty-foot container that is loaded and unloaded under the risk and account of the shipper or consignee.
Full 40’HC container (FCL) Hi-cube forty-foot container that is loaded and unloaded under the risk and account of the shipper or consignee.
Full 45’HC container (FCL) Hi-cube forty five-foot container that is loaded and unloaded under the risk and account of the shipper or consignee.
Ro ro ”Roll-on/roll-off ships are vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo such as automobiles and trucks.”
Break bulk System of transporting cargo as separate pieces rather than in containers.
20′ flat rack Tenty-foot open-topped and open-sided unit that fits into an existing below-deck container and is used for oversized cargo and wheeled or tracked vehicles.
40′ flat rack Forty-foot open-topped and open-sided unit that fits into an existing below-deck container and is used for oversized cargo and wheeled or tracked vehicles.
20′ refrigerated ”Twenty-foot refrigerated shipping container for transporting perishables having its own stand-alone (self-powered) cooling system.”
40′ refrigerated ”Forty-foot refrigerated shipping container for transporting perishables having its own stand-alone (self-powered) cooling system.”
40’HC refrigerated ”Hi-cube forty-foot refrigerated container that is used for transporting perishables having its own stand-alone (self-powered) cooling system.”
20′ non operative reefer (NOR) ”Twenty-foot refrigerated shipping container having its own stand-alone (self-powered) cooling system that is non operative.”
40′ non operative reefer (NOR) ”Forty-foot refrigerated shipping container having its own stand-alone (self-powered) cooling system that is non operative.”
40’HC non operative reefer (NOR) ”Hi-cube forty-foot refrigerated shipping container having its own stand-alone (self-powered) cooling system that is non operative.”
20′ ISO tank container ”Twenty-foot container or tanktainer that is an intermodal container for the transport of liquids gases and powders as bulk cargo.”
40′ ISO tank container ”Forty-foot container or tanktainer that is an intermodal container for the transport of liquids gases and powders as bulk cargo.”
20′ open top ”Twenty-foot container fitted with a solid removable roof or with a tarpaulin roof that can be loaded or unloaded from the top.”
40′ open top ”Forty-foot container fitted with a solid removable roof or with a tarpaulin roof that can be loaded or unloaded from the top.”
40’HC open top ”Hi-cube forty-foot container fitted with a solid removable roof or with a tarpaulin roof that can be loaded or unloaded from the top.”
Container48 Forty eight-foot hi-cube container.
Container53 Fifty three-foot hi-cube container.
LD1 ”92″” wide contoured half width container used for a wide-body aircraft.”
LD2 ”61.5″” wide contoured half width container used for a wide-body aircraft.”
LD3 ”79″” wide contoured half width container used for a wide-body aircraft. Dimension are according to IATA.”
LD7 ”88″”/96″” wide contoured full width container used for a wide-body aircraft.”
LD6 ”160″” wide contoured full width container used for a wide-body aircraft. (equivalent to 2 LD3s)”
LD8 ”125″” wide contoured full width container used for a wide-body aircraft. (equivalent to 2 LD2s)”
LD11 ”125″” wide full width container used for a wide-body aircraft. (same as LD6 but without contours; rectangular)”
Drum (Barrels) Cylindrical container used for shipping liquids and powders and is often certified for shipment of dangerous goods.
Roll Container that can be carried by trucks and can be pushed to ground level by help of a hook and level arm with the container possibly sliding on roller wheels.

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