Many factors go into the cost of shipping from the United States to Canada, including location, size, and shipping mode: sea FCL, sea LCL, air, or express. This guide will give you pricing estimates for each shipping mode from popular ports in the United States to popular ports in Canada.
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|Shipping from Los Angeles||Shipping from New York||Shipping from Houston|
|Shipping to Vancouver||$1,327||$1,240||$1,308|
|Shipping to Montreal||$1,327||$1,235||$1,308|
|Shipping to Toronto||$1,327||$1,235||$1,308|
These rates are door-to-door shipping averages for a load of 200 kg/1 cbm
When you’re shipping air, the price per kg decreases the larger your shipment’s weight:
|Chargeable weight||300 kg|
|Price per kg||$4.99|
Want to learn more about how chargeable weight affects the price of your shipment? Check out our free universal chargeable and volumetric weight calculator.
Avg price for door-to-door shipping for a load of 50 kg/0.2 cbm: $326
Shipping freight under 100 kg from the United States to Canada is cheaper– and faster– by express. Around the 100 kg mark, air freight becomes the cheaper option:
How long will it take to ship from the United States to Canada? Your shipment’s transit time will be impacted by location, shipment size, and season. Use the following table for timing estimates for each shipping mode from the United States to Canada.
|Port to Port||Door to Door|
|Sea Freight (FCL)||11-34 days||––|
|Sea Freight (LCL)||14-37 days||––|
|Air Freight||2 days||8-13 days|
* Express freight is always door to door
If you have questions about shipping from the United States to Canada, you’ve come to the right place. This guide will cover:
When you’re shipping from the United States to Canada, you can choose from one of four modes: FCL sea freight, LCL sea freight, air freight, or express. Here are key factors for each mode:
FCL, or full container load, means your goods fill an entire container, either 20’ or 40’ long. If you are shipping at a high volume, you’ll save time and money by shipping FCL. Pricing for FCL is done as a flat rate, regardless of whether or not your container is completely full. Learn more about FCL here.
LCL, or less than a container load, means your goods do not fill an entire container, and will be shipped along with other boxes or pallets. Note that when you ship LCL, your goods will need to be consolidated at the origin port and deconsolidated at the destination port. That’s why LCL shipping takes a few days longer than FCL.
Shipping by air is generally faster but more expensive than shipping by sea. For help choosing which mode is right for your shipment, use our air vs. ocean comparison calculator.
When you have a small shipment and need it delivered as quickly as possible, you might consider express.
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Freight rates, especially FCL sea freight and air freight rates, are affected by seasonal factors. When shipping from the United States to Canada, remember to take into account peak seasons in both the United States and Canada.
Peak seasons for shipping from the United States to Canada
|Event||Effects on Shipping||When|
|Holiday Shopping Season||Prices rise as businesses prepare for holiday shopping||Fall months|
Use these tips to stay on track when shipping during peak season.
To see in-depth research on how pricing fluctuates throughout the year, check out the Freightos Baltic Index.
When you’re comparing freight quotes, note the level of service the freight forwarder is offering.
For example, if you’re shipping from Los Angeles, United States to Vancouver, Canada, you’re going to want to ask your supplier about the cost difference between shipping from the supplier’s warehouse in Los Angeles– which means using the EXW incoterm– and shipping from the port of Los Angeles(USLAX) – which means using the FOB incoterm.
Prices for FOB are typically lower, but shipping FOB doesn’t mean your total costs will necessarily be lower. You might make up the cost by paying your supplier to bring your goods to port. When comparing prices, take all your costs into account.
Note that some incoterms, including FOB, are used for sea shipping only.
Learn all about incoterms here.
When importing from the United States to Canada, you will need to pay Customs Duty and GST before your goods are released into the country. These costs can be significant. Researching your costs early can keep you from getting caught by surprise.
When goods arrive at port, customs officials will first check to make sure all your paperwork is in order, and then calculate the amount of duties owed and collect payment. After payment, goods will be released.
To handle customs clearance, you can hire your own broker, or use the brokerage provided by your freight forwarder. If you book on Freightos, you can use our brokerage services as well.
When calculating your shipping costs, don’t forget to protect yourself in case your goods are damaged or lost. You can do this through your freight forwarder or a third party insurance agent. Insurance costs are typically around 0.3% – 0.5% of your Commercial Invoice Value, which is the amount you paid for the goods.
When shipping freight from the United States to Canada, make sure to get all your paperwork, such as the Commercial Invoice and Bill of Lading, in order.
Use our paperwork checklist here to make sure all your paperwork is in order before you ship.
As an Amazon shipper from the United States to Canada, you’ll need to consider issues of timing and storage, as well as choosing the right forwarder. Check out this guide to learn more.
Your factory, supplier, or freight forwarder will likely advise you which port is best for your export from the United States, based on location, ease of customs clearance, transit time, port volume, and any relationships or agreements between the factory and the port.
If you’re choosing a port on your own, important factors to consider include location, cost, and transit time. Here are the top ports for exporting from the United States:
Port Name: Los Angeles
Port code: USLAX
Port Name: New York
Port code: USNYC
Port Name: Houston
Port code: USHOU
These are the top ports for importing into Canada:
Port Name: Vancouver
Port code: CAVAN
Port Name: Montreal
Port code: CAMTR
Port Name: Toronto
Port code: CATOR
Average price for air freight (load of 200 kg/1 cbm): $1,290
Average price for express (load of 50 kg/0.2 cbm): $326
It depends on which shipping mode you use. Shipping express can take as few as 6-4 days – but express is the most expensive mode, and is not suitable for large shipments. Air freight shipping will take about 8-13 days. Sea freight shipping takes 1-2 months, but is the most affordable if you can wait.
Carriers can introduce increases to shipping charges, called General Rate Increases (GRIs) at the start of each month. But, toward the middle of the month as they try to fill supply on vessels, they often lower these prices. That means booking during the latter two weeks of the month can often save you money.
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